How to link your ideas

Les conjonctions de coordination

Les conjonctions de temps

When (Quand)
It was raining when he left.

As (Comme, Au moment où)
I met Paul as I was coming home.

As soon as (Dès que)
I’ll phone you as soon as I arrive.

Since (Depuis que)
I’ve never seen Luc since he came back.

Before (Avant que)
Yes ! I’ll phone you before I come.

After (Après que)
Jane arrived after I’d left.

Till, until (Jusqu’à ce que)
Go until you reach her house.

While (Pendant que, Tandis que)
I saw Jimmy while I was out running.

Les conjonctions de condition et d’hypothèse

If (Si /condition)
She will play the piano only if she is paid

If (Si/ hypothèse)
If I were rich I’d travel.

Unless (A moins que)
Lucie won’t help you unless you ask her too.

In case (Au cas où)
Take your umbrella in case it rains

Les conjonctions de but

To, In order to, So as to (Afin de, Dans le but de)
I got up early to/… / catch the first train

So that (Pour que, De sorte que)
Speak slowly so that I may understand you.

Les conjonctions de cause

Because (Parce que)
I can’t stay here because I don’t feel well.

As,  since (Puisque)
Since Betty wasn’t ready we went without her.

 Les conjonctions de concession ou de restriction

Though, Although (Bien que)
Although Jane hurried she was late.

Whereas (Alors que)
Jeff is tall whereas Jim is short.

Les conjonctions de résultat

So (Donc, C’est pourquoi)
Mary had a bad cold so I took her to the doctor’s.

So that (De sorte que)
I stayed in my bed very late so that I missed my bus.

La conjonction «That » (Que)
We all know that Matthew is right
We all know  Matthew is right
Elle n’est souvent qu’un mot simple entre la principale et la subordonnée complément d’objet. Dans ce cas that peut être omis.

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